HOW IT WORKS
An election by the people is the method employed for the choice of the members of the Electoral College.
On the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, the electors of each state meet in their respective state capitals and cast their votes for president and vice president of the United States. At the conclusion of their meetings, the electors of each state then execute a "certificate of vote".
The electors then send the certificates to the President of the U.S. Senate.
The electoral votes are counted in a joint session of Congress in early January and if the ballots are accepted without objections, the presidential and vice-presidential candidates winning at least 270 electoral votes are certified as having won the election by the incumbent vice president.
If no presidential candidate reaches the 270-vote threshold, the election for the president is decided by the House of Representatives in a run-off contingent election. Similarly, if no vice-presidential candidate reaches that threshold, the election for the vice president is decided by the Senate.